Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Historical cathedrals, monasteries and churches in Georgia

Gelati Monastery

Gelati is a monastic complex near Kutaisi, Imereti, western Georgia. It contains the Church of the Virgin founded by the King of Georgia David the Builder in 1106, and the 13th-century churches of St George and St Nicholas.
In Gelati is buried one of the greatest Georgian kings, David the Builder. Near his grave are the gates of Ganja, which were taken as trophies by king Demetrius I in 1138.
In 1994, Gelati Monastery was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The site was included in the 2008 World Monuments Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites by the World Monuments Fund to draw attention to deterioration caused by prolonged neglect.
                                                    Bagrati Cathedral

The Cathedral of the Dormition, or the Kutaisi Cathedral, more commonly known as Bagrati Cathedral is the 11th-century cathedral church in the city of Kutaisi, the region of ImeretiGeorgia. The cathedral, rebuilt officially on September 16, 2012 after heavy damage ages ago,served as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture.

The conservation and restoration are at works, as well as archaeological studies, which began in 1952, are finally finished. In 1994, the Bagrati Cathedral, together with the Gelati Monastery, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list as a single entity. In 2001, the cathedral was restored to the Georgian Orthodox Church. It is now of limited use for worship services, but attracts many pilgrims and tourists. It is also frequently used as a symbol of the whole city of Kutaisi, being one of its main tourist attractions.

                               Motsameta Monastery

Mocameta - monastery ensemble Tkhibuli municipality, near the village of Mocameta.

Gelati Monastery is located near the river valley Tskaltsitela. It is clear, brothers David and Constantine Mkheidze immortal household. They were aragvta Eristavi the VIII century by the invading Arab army received a selfless fight, despite great resistance, can not be stopped and defeated numerous enemies. Arab commander Murvan the deaf, suffered from denial of faith in Christ Eristavi, but the firm refused. Murvan inflicted great suffering brothers were angry, but they courageously stand the horrible torture and Mocameta crown put on. David and Constantine's remains were kept in the church.

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